Types of Orthopedic Implants
Orthopedic implants can be categorized into two groups: permanent replacement and temporary replacement. Permanent implants are the implants for the hips, knees, ankles, shoulders, wrists, and joints of the fingers, whereas plates, screws, pins, wires, etc. are temporary implants.
For inserting and placing the implants in the right position inside the body, many orthopedic instruments are utilized. These include pins, wires, external fixators, plates, cannulated screws, and crania.
The three most common types of orthopedic implants which are removable, as well as non-removable, are screws, plates, and prostheses.
Screws in Orthopedic Implant is the primary function of the screw which is used for the bone is to produce compression which will help the bones mend in the injured area. There is no difference between a normal screw and an orthopedic screw, they both have a body as well as ahead. The head is mainly used to insert the screw in the bones, and the length of the screw is measured from the top to the bottom. Screws come in different sizes and forms and are used for a variety of purposes. For example, reduction screws can be 4.5 to 8.5 millimeters thick.
In Orthopedic Implant there are many means for the plates to be fixed perfectly and be effective. The plate should have an appropriate thickness and a proper width and it must be adequate to hold both sides of the fractured bones. The plate must control and neutralize all forces such as bending, compression, etc. Thanks to this function, in surgeries like the pectus excavatum correction, pectus bar plates are used. The plates can also be used in the tibia and femur.
In Orthopedic Implant, Prostheses are artificial body parts, that can be a limb, the heart, and even an implant of the breast. The prosthesis is removable and has been used for years throughout the history of human kinds. The Egyptians were the first nation who perform the surgery. For more click here.